Spicy herbs are not only a specific addition to dishes, but also a useful and sometimes a medicinal supplement in our diet. Therefore, it is worth learning how to grow cilantro from seeds in order to get both vitamin greens and fragrant coriander to the table.
Initially, cilantro in the form of greens and its seeds (coriander) were more often used in Asian and Caucasian national dishes. It was the characteristic smell of this spice that gave a special taste to the familiar kharcho soup, kebab and lamb kebabs. Nowadays, coriander is found in almost every kitchen, but the green part of this plant is not used so often. It is not difficult to correct such an omission, you just have to master the cultivation of cilantro on your own plot or even on the balcony of city apartments. And in order for such an undertaking to be successful and bring a harvest, you first need to familiarize yourself with the peculiarities of this culture.
Cilantro or coriander seed as a garden greenery is convenient because it grows well both in sunny areas and in partial shade. Growing up, the plant forms compact bushes with beautifully carved leaves resembling parsley. And cilantro with its aroma repels many pests, so its proximity to other crops can be useful. All these arguments suggest that there will certainly be a place for this fragrant spice even in the smallest area. In addition, the decorativeness of the plant allows it to be grown both in flowerpots and in flower beds.
The future harvest directly depends on the structure and quality of the soil.
Sowing cilantro is recommended in areas where cereals, potatoes or legumes were grown last year. But after carrots, late varieties of cabbage and spicy herbs such as anise, fennel, celery, parsnips and parsley - planting coriander is not recommended, since the soil no longer contains the substances necessary for its development.
Experienced gardeners note good results when cilantro grows next to cucumbers, lettuce, onions and carrots, so it can be used as a sealant for such plantings.
The future harvest directly depends on the structure and quality of the soil. Coriander seed grows well on loose, humus-rich soils, therefore, before planting, the garden must be fertilized. It is better to do this in the fall, introducing manure for digging, bird droppings diluted in water, rotted compost, or using complex mineral preparations. During the winter, fertilizers are evenly distributed in the soil, which will also be facilitated by the spring melting of snow.
Heavy clay soil is completely unsuitable for growing cilantro from seeds. Such soils are usually poor in nutrient content, they have poor air and moisture permeability, which is why water stagnation often occurs, leading to the death of the root system.
Video about growing all year round
Remember, when improving the quality of the land, you should limit the application of peat, which can unnecessarily increase the level of acidity and make it unsuitable for growing coriander.
To maximize the season of fresh greens, cilantro is sown in several doses, with breaks of 10-15 days, or use seeds of varieties with different growing periods.
Considering that cilantro is quite cold-resistant, it can be sown from April, as soon as the snow melts and the ground thaws. In this case, you will pick off the first leaves for the salad at the beginning of summer. You can get a harvest of fragrant greens even earlier if you plant outlets through seedlings. To do this, in February, several seeds are sown in cups or boxes and grown at home on a windowsill. And with the onset of spring, seedlings are planted in a greenhouse or simply in open ground. But it should be noted that growing in greenhouses allows you to feast on delicious kebabs with spicy cilantro by the May holidays.
To speed up the germination of seeds, it is recommended to soak them for several hours before sowing.
Keeping in mind the useful neighborhood of coriander with other crops, it is often sown, as they say, "randomly", scattering seeds over other beds, in aisles, along the edges of plantings or along paths.
Taking into account the recommended seeding rate, holes or grooves are made in the prepared area, no more than 2 cm deep and a distance of about 15 cm between them.If the soil is dry, be sure to spill the holes, wait until the water is absorbed, and then sow. And to speed up the germination of seeds, it is recommended to soak them for several hours before sowing.
The first green sprouts, as a rule, do not appear earlier than two weeks later, but in most cases cilantro emerges simultaneously and amicably. Growing outlets need regular watering, especially in the early stages and in the absence of rainfall. It is also important to weed out the weeds in a timely manner, and after watering, loosen the ground around the bushes so that a crust does not form, which prevents air from reaching the roots.
Video about sowing on the windowsill
In a month, the first young leaves with an amazing aroma and a whole range of vitamins will be ready for consumption. These greens are used in fresh salads, side dishes, in the preparation of meat and fish dishes. The spicy cilantro adds a special flavor to soups. Chopped leaves give sauces and marinades a specific, "oriental" character.
Video about growing cilantro at home
When cutting greens for fresh use, leave a few rosettes of cilantro for the seeds. By about the middle of summer, the bush will drive out the arrow and bloom, and by August, fruits are formed on the umbrella. After they are fully ripe, up to a handful of seeds can be obtained from each plant. After collecting them, they must be dried and used whole or with a hammer when preparing your favorite dishes. Cilantro greens are also harvested for the winter, drying leaves torn from branches or freezing them.
We wish you successful harvests and delicious meals!
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Many gardeners, in addition to vegetables and herbs, also grow various spicy herbs on their site. At the same time, oregano, which is also called oregano, is especially popular with them. It is used in the preparation of various spicy dishes, and also an excellent tea is made from this aromatic herb. In addition, oregano scares off most pests from the garden with its smell, and it also looks quite impressive during flowering.
Katarantus pink ampelous (Vinca rosea)
Katarantus is a perennial shrub. The height of a plant grown in a greenhouse can be up to 0.6 m. In a pot culture, it is much lower, since regular pruning is necessary. Without pruning, the flower loses its decorative effect. The branches are stretched out and exposed.
Recently, they have been practicing to grow it as an annual and use it in the design of gardens. Straight stems branch at the top, covered with dark green leaves. The shape of the leaf plate is lanceolate, the surface is shiny, the size is about 7 cm.
Flowers are located in the axils singly or in groups. The color is varied: white, pink, lavender, blue, purple, you can't list everything. New hybrids of unique colors are created every year. In indoor conditions it blooms all year round. Plants, planted in the garden in spring, delight with flowers all summer, finish flowering in autumn.
You can dive vervain into a common box with a distance of 4-5 cm, but better in separate pots: so the vervain will painlessly transfer the transplant to a permanent place. Prepare the soil for picking more fertile than for sowing: 2 parts of peat, 2 parts of garden soil and 0.5 parts of sand with the addition of 0.5 glass of wood ash and a tablespoon of complete mineral fertilizer per 3 liters of the mixture. Fill the pots, compact slightly, make small holes and plant the seedlings, deepening them to the cotyledon leaves.
Water the cut seedlings carefully. Start watering from the edge of the pot.
It is not difficult to care for seedlings of silvery cineraria at home. It is necessary to maintain optimal conditions, then it will turn out to grow strong, healthy and strong seedlings:
Watch the video! Seedlings of cineraria. Growing features
Advice! If the indoor air is dry, it is recommended to use a humidifier or place a container of water near the seedlings.
Seedlings dive when 2 well-developed leaves appear. To do this, use the same soil as when sowing seeds. It is poured into plastic cassettes, cups, peat pots with a volume of 250 ml and more.
In order for the seedlings to be strong and healthy, it must be fertilized with a complex mineral or organic fertilizer for seedlings. Fertilize for the first time 10 days after picking, again - 2 weeks before planting in open ground.
For fertilization, use any complex dressing for flower crops that can be diluted in water.
You can also treat the seedlings with the growth stimulant Epin, Zircon and others.
Organics are used several times per season:
When pulling seedlings due to lack of light, they are sprayed or poured with a solution of the Athlete preparation in order to strengthen the stems and form harmonious growth.
When more than a third of the shrub is cut, its growth will be completely stopped and stopped. Ensuring the development of the plant over two successive cycles is possible only when harvesting the upper leaf part - the shoots located at the bottom must be left. Having entered the flowering stage after planting cilantro, the herbaceous planting of coriander ceases to provide the ability to grow those shoots that can be used for gastronomic purposes. Seeds that are ripe by the beginning of autumn can be used in cooking and to create canned blanks. The dried fruit can be used as seed for growing coriander for the next horticultural season, if properly processed.
Note! Harvesting for the purpose of obtaining spicy greens and ripe seeds is carried out at different times.
Coriander is used in cooking by many nationalities. Simple agricultural techniques, how to grow cilantro, allowing you to plant this plant even on the windowsill in an ordinary apartment, knowing when to plant cilantro in open ground, and unpretentious care, including compatibility with some other garden crops, will allow you to grow this fragrant herbal plant on any backyard plot, such as a private residential building or summer cottage. Such a bed will yield a harvest of useful medicinal herbs that can have a beneficial effect on the human body and help in the treatment of many ailments - it is this plant that is part of a huge number of medicines. In addition, any number of home remedies can be prepared from coriander according to numerous folk recipes.