The botanical name of the bergamot tree is Citrus bergamia and it belongs to the large Rutaceae family. It is a tree that has a rather modest vigor, which can count on a vegetative habitus that can vary, in which the branches in very few cases have rudimentary thorns placed at the axil of the leaf.
The flowers of the Bergamot plant are present in large quantities and with a white color, with a strong odor, five petals each and with a growth that develops in groups and hermaphrodites.
The Bergamot fruit is characterized by having numerous components in common, at least in terms of size, with the orange, but with a color that changes from green to yellow, based on ripeness.
The Bergamot fruit has an extremely thin and smooth skin, with an overall mass that is between 80 and 200 grams.
Among the main characteristics of the peel of the Bergamot fruit is that of being particularly rich in essential oils, while the pulp offers a decidedly acidic and bitter dryness, with a rather limited quantity of seeds.
Bergamot is a citrus fruit and, for this reason, it prefers development within warm temperate climates. In any case, it is a plant that cannot withstand harsh winters, as well as all sudden changes in temperature, as it is often conditioned by the excessive or reduced level of rain or late frosts.
Bergamot, in any case, is a citrus fruit that has a high resistance to heat and high temperatures: on the hottest days, it would also be quite useful to expose the plant to winds of medium intensity. The summer seasons, for an effective development of the Bergamot plant, should be hot and with little rain.
The autumn and spring seasons, for an equally optimal of this citrus fruit, should be characterized by a high level of rainfall, while during the winter temperatures should never drop below ten degrees centigrade.
Vegetative development occurs only if the temperature is between a minimum of 22 up to a maximum of 32 degrees centigrade.
As for the planting of Bergamot plants, however, a minimum age of two years must be started, but it must be included in the period corresponding to the month of September or February.
The Bergamot plant, for its optimal cultivation must be able to count on a soil that must have the following characteristics: a good degree of fertility, a good depth, must be loose, with a medium mixture, rather clayey, calcareous and with a good drainage level.
The pH of the soil should be between 6.5 and 7.5 and, finally, there should be a good concentration of organic matter.
As for irrigation, this particular citrus fruit needs to be watered only in case it has to face a lack of water during the summer season.
To cope with a perfect fertilization, however, it is always advisable to carry out a preventive analysis of the soil, which must necessarily be accompanied by an analysis of the leaves, which will then allow to reveal what are the main nutritional levels that can be obtained from the plant and then make sure to understand when situations of deficiency or excess occur.
Finally, taking a look at the propagation methods of the Bergamot plant, it must be emphasized that the most used is reproduction by seed, thanks to which it is possible to obtain plants genetically identical to the mother plant, due to nucellar polyembryony.
Pruning operations, with this particular citrus fruit, should be carried out every year, in order to avoid alternating production.
The origin of this plant belonging to the Rutaceae family is still uncertain: the cultivation of Bergamot, nowadays, on the Italian territory is included in a small part of the coast in the province of Reggio Calabria.
Precisely this narrow Calabrian coastal strip hosts the most important Bergamot cultivation in Italy, so that the production of essential oil is limited exclusively to this place: the use of Bergamot fruits, therefore, is aimed above all at exploiting the properties essential oils obtained from the peel, but also from the flowers, leaves and younger branches.
Bergamot essential oil is essential especially in the perfumery industry, with the aim of establishing the aromatic bouquet of perfumes, but also with the aim of harmonizing all the various essences.
Bergamot essence is exploited, in particular, in the pharmaceutical industry and within the food and confectionery industry, with the aim of producing liqueurs, but also sweets and drinks.
The Bergamot plant develops perfectly in a Mediterranean climate and blooms in the period between March and April.
Bergamot (Citrus bergamia) is part of the family of Rutaceae, as well as oranges and lemons. If you open it, at first glance it may seem to you a lemon, but it's not. In fact, thanks to its shape and its unique flavor, bergamot stands out from other citrus fruits. There are those who mistake it for a badly reduced lime, due to the wrinkles of the skin. In reality, its flavor is completely different and for this reason it is widely used in Italian cuisine.
Its production is mostly limited to coastal areas of the Ionian Sea in the province of Reggio Calabria, to the point of being a symbol of the entire city. Most of the bergamot comes from a short stretch of land, where the temperature is favorable.
The fruit is also produced in Argentina, Brazil, Algeria, Ivory Coast, Morocco, Tunisia, Turkey and Southeast Asia, where it has its roots. From the Turkish we know that its name derives from bey armudu, or "pear of the Lord".
The tree of the bergamot produces white, very fragrant flowers. The leaves are shiny and fleshy like those of orange and never fall even in winter. Flowering and new leaves appear as soon as the rainy season ends, in early March. The fruit is little more than an orange and a little less than a grapefruit has an intense yellow color more than grapefruit and less than lemon, externally it has a smooth and thin skin like a grapefruit, it is less round than grapefruit as it is crushed at the poly.
Bergamot like all citrus fruits, lemon, mandarin, grapefruit, cedar and chinotto are not very resistant to cold, cold currents and night frosts, in fact with temperatures below 0, they do not grow well indeed they can suffer damage to vegetation such as Cold burns to the leaves and especially during the flowering period can compromise the flower. For those who decide to grow a bergamot plant in their garden in a cold area, it is good to have a non-woven fabric cap to cover the plant in the cold period. An ideal position for planting bergamot is with a southern exposure in full sun, preferably near a low wall, a building or a hedge in order to protect it from cold currents. Once the place has been identified, dig a deep hole slightly higher than the bread of earth in which the roots are wrapped, place the plant and fill the hole with the earth previously removed alternating with water and compressing the earth to make it adhere to the roots of the plant, always make sure that the collar of the plant is level with the ground. At the end of the operation it is good to add a fertilizer suitable for citrus fruits and water.
BERGAMOT TREE IN FITOCELLA ALT 140/160 CM you can find it in the Categories:
The online nursery Passion Plants, is specialized in sales of indoor plants is outdoor plants, offers the amateur and professional enthusiast a wide selection of aromatic plants, climbing plants, hedge plants, bush plants, garden plants, indoor plants, succulent plants, flowering plants, bonsai and accessories for bonsai lovers, trees fruit and garden, together with accessories and garden and gardening equipment.
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Situated within a 1.6 km radius of Sant'Irene Tower, Bergamotto apartment features a number of amenities, including free parking, a designated smoking area and luggage storage.
The apartment offers access to the Bivona Castle which is a few minutes away by car. Chiesa del Carmine can be reached on foot in about 20 minutes.
You will appreciate quick access to Lamezia Terme International Airport which is approximately 37 minutes away by car.
The rooms have a private bathroom.
Guests will find a kitchen on site.
A large terrace is available for guests to relax after a busy day. Guests of the property can enjoy diving, windsurfing and hiking on site or in the surroundings.
Wi-Fi is available throughout the apartment and is free.
Private parking is possible on site for free.
The Bergamot is a citrus fruit with a yellow peel derived from lemon or bitter orange. In appearance, the bergamot fruit resembles grapefruit, but is a little smaller and has a more intense color. Even today the cultivation of bergamot takes place in Calabria especially in the coastal strip. Bergamot is a seasonal fruit, it is consumed as a fresh fruit from October-November until March. n
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