The pros' growing tips for roses

Do as the pros do! With the right care, your roses thrive better. We asked some rose experts about how they do to succeed with their own roses.

Lars-Åke Gustavsson: "Plant in the right way"

Lars-Åke Gustavsson.

- A rose that is properly planted becomes healthier and more resistant to disease. Plant in the best possible rose soil: nutritious and with a high soil content, improved with organic material such as manure and compost soil. The soil should be water-retaining without being constantly wet. Dry soils produce less resistant roses.

- Many roses die because the plant is too loose. Often they also stand too loose in the pot. Shake and press hard to avoid an air pocket under the root collar (easiest when planting barrot plants). Water thoroughly and leave for a few hours. Water once more. Then fill with more soil and cup over the plant so that the lower branches are covered.

Lars Krantz: "Roses respond to caresses and flattery"

Lars Krantz.

- Roses are generally picky and clearly respond to caresses and flattery. Therefore, do not save on all kinds of bonuses when planting. Roses thrive in rich and good soil, preferably clayey and spiced with organic material and coarse gravel for drainage. Well-drained soil is important if wintering is to be successful, especially in northern latitudes.

- Annual pruning of the bush roses promotes growth and good health. Roses must also be able to see the sun for most of the day. Always try to make them believe that they are further south than they actually are, by giving them warm locations. A slight slope towards the afternoon sun with protection from northern winds is not wrong. And who knows, maybe an Italian love ballad or two can help too?

Britt-Inger Rehn: "Maintenance with pruning and organic fertilizer"

Britt-Inger Rehn.

- The planting is A and O. Put the rose with the breeding place 10 centimeters underground in a well-drained good soil. Water abundantly. Then maintain the rose with good pruning and organic fertilizer and care.

Lisa Sommelius: "Choose the right rose for the right place"

Lisa Sommelius.

- My best growing tips are to choose the right rose for the right place, to plant deep and to water abundantly when replanting, especially in the spring. Well-fed cow manure is cheap and good slow-acting fertilizer for roses. Do not forget to prune the roses to get beautifully shaped shrubs. Climbing roses also need to be pruned.

Read more about roses:


Dead heading for more beautiful roses

Master of rose breeding

Mulla to it for the roses

Which roses get nice rosehips?

Field horseradish for the roses

THE DREAM OF A ROSE GARDEN. There is something special about roses and rose gardens. Sometimes we dream back to a rose garden in our childhood, in Grandma's time. A time when summer was always hot and the roses smelled as wonderful as only roses can. The rose is and has always been the jewel of the garden. Just think of climbing roses - they can turn a bare house wall into a symphony of scent and color and ‘ramblers’ that, pouring out of a treetop, can provide an unforgettable rose experience. So we have the modern bush roses in every conceivable color shade and the unassuming but absolutely adorable charm of the wild rose with its simple flowers and decorative rose hips in autumn.

The roses in our webshop refer to bare-rooted roses. We deliver to the whole of the EU, but it is also possible to pre-order and pick them up in our pleasant shop at Fredriksdal museums and gardens in Helsingborg. Here we also have a large assortment of potted roses, however, the supply can vary as we market almost 900 different varieties. Feel free to call us for more information and prices, or best of all: come here and botanize yourself and get help from our knowledgeable staff.

Growing tips for tomatoes

Tomato plants are quite fast-growing and also easy to grow yourself. What you really need is just plant lighting. If you are going to grow tomatoes in a greenhouse, you can start this already in February. Then the plants are ready for planting two months later. Which can mean a little support heat at night in the greenhouse at first. This year I sowed three seeds each of seven different varieties. Should not really have that many plants, but I thought that not everyone might be so good, so then I can choose the two best of each variety. But as usual, the germination is 100% and all plants seem to develop in a good way. So it turns out to give away some.

I sow in small sour cream jars, three seeds per change. Uses seed soil that is finely divided and unfertilized. Place the pots over hot elements to facilitate germination. When the first character leaves have developed, I retrain the plants into a regular Vefi pot, one per pot, in fertilized planting soil. The tomatoes set new roots from the stem, so you should preferably put the small plant deeper in the soil than it was in the first pot. In this way, you can also correct a plant that has run a little too much in height so it becomes straighter and more stable. Water adequately, not so that the plant is constantly wet, but so that the soil dries up a little at the edge of the pot. Now you can place the plants in a cooler room so that the growth does not become too strong. At the same time, extra lighting is important so they stay chubby.

Tomatoes are in great need of nutrition and water. They want a moist soil that is both airy and can retain moisture. I invest in a well-fertilized soil from the beginning and mix planting soil with cow manure compost in large pots. Then I avoid fertilizing throughout the pre-season. Bought Ikea's wastebaskets in plastic about 12 liters large for SEK 19 where I drilled holes in the bottom. Pot cultivation suits me and my greenhouse, but you can also grow directly in a sack. Growing tomatoes in an open bed is less good, because then you have to replace all the soil every year so as not to contract soil-borne diseases that the tomatoes are easily affected by.

When the night temperature has stabilized around +10 degrees, you can put out the plants. Or in greenhouses with additional heat already before. A wind-protected and warm location is important for the tomatoes. Therefore, a greenhouse is excellent, but a warm, sunlit wall also works well if it does not blow too much. The plants tend to be quite long and must be supported so as not to break.

Herb gardens have a history from the medieval Christian monasteries in Europe where the herbs were used as medicine. Many herbs came from the rest of the world to Europe via trade routes and were brought into Sweden by monks and nuns.
In the classic monastery garden, the varieties were grown in their own flower beds in geometric shapes. Aisles were made between the cultivation areas which were delimited by low hedges or curbs.

Choose a warm and sunny place. Southeast or southwest with 5-6 hours of sunshine per day is usually enough. In windy situations, you may need to create a shelter from the wind, a hedge, wall or simple trellis with climbing plants.

Spices thrive in well-drained soil. If you have a heavy clay soil, you should mix it with sand and peat soil.

Many varieties are good to place on a limited area, such as mint and oregano, as they spread via root shoots and easily take over the cultivation.

You do not need to fertilize very much as you risk benefiting the weeds more than the spices. Replant you only need to do if the spices start to look tired.

Cultivation advice - Pruning of roses

There have been many questions regarding pruning roses, so I'm trying to straighten out some question marks here.

The right time for pruning is when the 'birches have mouse ears'. In southernmost Sweden, however, you can also prune earlier in the spring and winter, when the risk of frost damage is insignificant. Otherwise, premature pruning can cause frostbite, if the weather then gets cold again.

If, on the other hand, you prune too late, you remove some of the rose's power, which it has had time to put on the small leaves that you remove.

The cut should be made correctly and be clean and smooth. Make sure that the secateurs are sharp and clean so that the branch is not crushed but goes straight off. Cut down to fresh wood, so the branch should be white inside if it is brown, the branch is dead right there, then try a little lower down until it is white.

The incision should be slightly oblique and tilt away from the bud so that the water drains off, otherwise fungal diseases can take hold of it. Do not leave any more pins above the cut, but also do not cut so close that the bud is damaged. Cut above an outward-pointing bud to get a broad and bushy plant.

However, you can control the growth method on a climbing rose so that you cut above an inward-pointing bud if you want a more upright plant. Otherwise, the climbing roses only need to be trimmed slightly, the longest rods can be shortened and dead and damaged branches removed.

The different roses are pruned slightly differently.

Discount roses, ie the ones usually under the meter in height, almost constantly flowering roses with flowers in clusters (floribunda roses) or a large flower per stem (large-flowered) in different colors and sizes, the ones we are used to seeing in flowerbeds along walkways and house walls, are most often quite modern hybrids, which bloom on annual shoots, ie on the new shoots that emerge during the summer. They should therefore be cut down quite hard, if you want to keep them bushy and low. They can certainly bloom well even if you do not cut so hard, but then become tall and bald at the bottom.

Miniature roses, the ones we buy flowering in pots in the supermarket or in the flower shop, can actually overwinter outside in southern Sweden! They are nice as low flowerbed plants or in urns and pots. The pruning is limited to trimming damaged or dead branches, so no actual pruning is needed.

Landscape and cover roses, also called ground-covering roses, of which many new varieties have come on the market in recent years, are not so well known in Sweden. But it is gratifying that there are more and more varieties and colors, because these roses are excellent for slopes and where you want large plantings of uniform roses that also bloom almost all summer. The most famous are probably ‘The Fairy’, The river, which is sometimes seen in home gardens, and Bonica, which came as early as 1982 and which is most often seen in public plantations. Pruning them can be done with hedge trimmers if you want, but otherwise you remove older and damaged branches and trim the others to fresh wood. After the first flowering in the summer, you can cut down the withered branches and get a new flowering later on.

Stem roses we have also received many new varieties in recent years. These are grafted onto a straight stem of a hardy wild rose. As it is only the seedling that is to grow and flower, it is possible to take. root shoots continuously removed as soon as they appear. Otherwise, no harder pruning is needed, only damaged or dead branches are removed and the crown is formed a little lightly when needed.

Shrubs: old-fashioned and park roses, wild roses. Many roses in this group bloom on last year's wood or older. There is therefore no need for harder pruning, only damaged and dead branches are removed as well as the oldest branches that have stopped flowering.

Exceptions are heather roses, Pink rugosa, and old-fashioned gallicaroses and their hybrids, these can also bloom on this year's firewood. Here you can shorten the longest branches in the spring, so that you get a smoother bush.

Pink 'Mother's Day'

Fertilize the garden

Garden fertilizer
A well-balanced, chlorine-free complete fertilizer for most plants in the garden.

To the kitchen country
Feel free to choose one of Weibull's KRAV-labeled manure as vegetable manure or cow manure.

To the lawn
Long-acting lawn fertilizer that contains three different forms of nitrogen, which gives a quick and long-lasting effect. ´

Plant flower bulbs
Use bone meal when planting autumn onions, it gives the onions the best conditions to cope with the winter cold.

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